Wednesday, May 9, 2012

Business community surrounding schools

The business community influences the school culture and finances in many ways.  For example the school I am from had 69 students who graduated and one of the neighboring schools graduated around 200 students annually.  The differences between these two schools are not only their graduation number but their communities and the businesses that are in those communities are different and have different impacts on the schools.  The smaller school has a small community where the major businesses around the area are family owned convenient stores and farms.  This does not provide a lot of opportunities for the students in that community.  The students do not have a local recreational center to go to so they can partake in organized activities.  With the poor local business and low population there are not as many opportunities for local sport teams and out of season leagues.  The bigger school is surrounded by a much larger community the businesses around this area range from local privately owned businesses to huge corporations such as Burger Kind and Wal- Mart.  Also in this area there is enough money to afford local recreational centers that have indoor soccer fields and organized leagues that people can join and sign up for. The smaller community does not have the resources or income to give the same opportunities as the bigger community. 
 I do not agree with corporate funding of schools because I believe that public schools need to be funded by the community and a portion of that can be corporate but not enough for the corporate to have an omniscient role in that school community.  If there were to be just strictly corporate funding in schools then that school will be ran to make money for that corporation, students will become advertisement property and instead of playing for a community the athletes and sports of the school would be representing a corporate company instead of a school and what the school means and represents. 
 If there were to be a place for corporate funding in schools the politics of that corporation would have to be set aside.  The main purpose of the school is to educate and give children/ young adults the tools necessary to be successful in today’s society.  That goes beyond contextual information and includes ethical, moral, and character values as well.  No matter the business community surrounding a school whether it be small privately owned business or huge multi million dollar corporations the main priority should always be the student’s education. 


Warren Peter Patterson
Section 2
Question 1
From my standpoint diversity is the amount of culture and uniqueness that is brought into each classroom and lesson plan.  When most people think of the word diversity they assume that people are usually talking about someone’s race or ethnicity, it also includes all stereotypes from cultural background, to religion, gender, social status, and educational level; all of these generalizations give labels to students that are unfair and detrimental to their learning. 
Diversity does not just affect the students it also has an impact on the teachers as well.  Each teacher is different along with each principal, school nurse, custodian, and all other faculty members that make up a school.  On a personal level I come from a rural prominently white area, there are a few black families and that is it.  The rest of our diversity in our community come from the social class, which includes where people live and how much money there family makes.
As a substitute teacher and completing over 75 plus field experience hours there were
some issues with students saying inappropriate generalizations about other students, for
example the term “throwing like a girl” is inappropriate because it is a subtle rude comment that indicate females cannot throw a ball or whatever the object was. 
Personally I feel that students should be given many opportunities to express themselves individually in an educational setting.  As physical educators it is our job to integrate what the students learn in other classes into our own lessons and own classrooms, this includes even outside the typical math, English, science into the other classes such as art and music.  As physical educators we have the ability and opportunity to teach dance and listen to music while we teach therefore physical educators need to bring relevance to the music that is playing and bring the dancing to life with its history and positive background information. 
 Many games and new technology are helping bridge the gap between the integration of art and music into the PE setting.  With games like DDR this allows students to stimulate themselves mentally with the video game however it also is keeping the student active and has them dancing and moving to beat with rhythm.  Even though it is expensive the investment is well worth it not just for the students but for after school workshops for parents and other faculty members as well.  


Warren Peter Patterson
Section 2
Question 3
Bullying is a serious issue that all students must face in one way or another in today’s schools.  For students who are quite, not participate, unhappy, or even act out through aggression may all be signs of that student being bullied.  Students today however have a new tool to use when it comes to bullying and that my friend is called the internet.  The internet or cyber-bullying has really changed the face of bullying because now students go home and leave school and have to continue to face this humiliation at home.  Many schools today including some in Tulsa have anti bullying programs that teach students about bullying and help them through stories and other educational activities. 
 The adolescent mind changes as students go form elementary school to middle school then on to high school.  However going from elementary to middle school is a big step and many students have angst and feel pressure to do well from there peers, teachers and parents that they may not have felt before.  Middle school students are maturing or going through the process of maturing and this is a crucial period for kids and it is important that teachers are helpful, informative, and always there to listen and ask questions.   Students all mature at different levels and this gives more chance for bullying to occur.  In Physical Education teachers have the opportunity to teach student how to defend themselves against bullies.  The moral and principal of self-defense should be taught way before students learn the physical aspect of the karate.   At SUNY Cortland physical educators are required to take a self defense class that focuses on lessons that address simple and basic escape maneuvers and tactics.  The skills of self defense can be taught at all levels differently and teaches students how to be physically and mentally tough against bullies and the physical and mental harassment. 

EDU 470 question 8

While being at Cortland I have had a wide variety of teachers ranging from hard raw old school teaching to a technologically based classroom setting and I could sit here for hours explain to someone how one of the styles are better than the other or in which class did I learn more in however regardless of how I learned they all had good teaching philosophies that at the end of the day taught students.  Every teaching philosophy is unique and can have a lot of individuality to it and that is what makes a good philosophy being able to add a sense of individuality to your thoughts and teachings.   The philosophies in the United States are essentialism, perennialism, progressivism, social reconstructionists, and existentialism.  An essentialism approach has the idea to teach the students the absolute needs or the “essentials” to character development, academic knowledge, and patriotism.  Perennialism come from a more context and factual approach, this kind of philosophy is structured around text books, and ideas and concepts.  Progressivism is more of an authentic approach to the real world with primarily focusing their educational beliefs on the concerns, curiosity, and real life experience for the students.   Social Reconstructionists relate to the students refining and “reconstructing” the justifications of society and are trying to teach to make society a better place for everyone.   The last philosophy existentialism is very similar to one of Mosston’s styles of teaching which was self-teaching because both of these styles and philosophy deal with allowing students to find the answer to their questions and pretty much re-discover the wheel and all the mistakes along the way.  Along with the mistakes they learn, the students also will learn the valuable lessons as well that go into “remaking the wheel”. 
I am a firm believer in teaching through the physical and building character through physical education.  I would have to categorize myself under the progressivism philosophy, I support the idea of being taught information that is relevant in today’s world.  I like how progressivism wants to move away from the textbook material and get more hands on with the material. 
My educational philosophy tells a lot about me as a teacher and what my goals are for the students.  My goal is simple I want you to leave my class happy and a better more knowledgeable person.  I want my students to truly learn and build their character through physical activity and by always challenging themselves physically and cognitively.  Students should understand what it means to be responsible and respectful and that is where our roles as educators can have an impact on each student’s demeanor.  This handout I made for my future Physical educational classes. 

Sunday, April 22, 2012

Mann the man!!

One of the most important people in education is Horace Mann. He was the founder of common schools and helped to reinforce the foundation of education across the country. This “Father of the Public School” believed that public education work towards two goals that were practical and idealistic. In 1837 Mann held the position of “Superintendent” and had a hand in the creation of the Massachusetts State Board of Education. He strongly enforced improving education for all social classes. He believed that educating the working class would improve the economy by increasing the efficiency of industry and business. Mann thought that lower income families deserved the same amount of education as those who could afford it. One of the ways he did this was trying to desegregate the classrooms, but the role of religion proved to be an issue. He was not only a leader in education reform,  a motivational force to his students. His focus in the classroom was not towards the typical content, instead he concentrated on relevant information that would prepare them for the real world.
In 1838, Mann created The Common School Journal. In it, he discussed the problems within public schools and what he believed in; “his six main principles were: (1) the public should no longer remain ignorant; (2) that such education should be paid for, controlled, and sustained by an interested public; (3) that this education will be best provided in schools that embrace children from a variety of backgrounds; (4) that this education must be non-sectarian; (5) that this education must be taught by the spirit, methods, and discipline of a free society; and (6) that education should be provided by well-trained, professional teachers. Mann worked for more and better equipped school houses, longer school years (until 16 years old), higher pay for teachers, and a wider curriculum”
Mann was a pioneer for all teachers in education and the public school system. He was one who stood up for what he believed in and made changes to better society through new age innovation and learning.

Playing with Polio

During the early and mid 1900’s there was an epidemic that swept over the United States causing many people to get sick and thousands of people to lose their lives.  This epidemic was called polio and it is a viral disease that can lead to full paralysis in some cases.  The outbreak caused national panic until there was a vaccine created in 1955 by a man named Jonas Salk.  The virus spread through direct person to person contact, contact with infected phlegm or mucus, or contact with infected feces. Since the outbreak in the 1900’s the world has seen a decrease in polio patients, and can be found typically in some areas of Africa and Asia and is more aggressive during the summer and fall months.  Most children are immunized at birth for the disease and most people are only at risk if they travel to an area where an outbreak has occurred.  For children who are affected by polio may result in complete paralysis and they would have to be in a wheel chair for the rest of their life, this may affect the persons physical activity however there are many things that can be done even in a wheel chair especially in the physical education setting.  Some games that students who are chairs users can play are Wheelchair basketball, wheelchair tennis; most students in chairs can also bowl with minimal assistance.  Also to challenge these students during class they can always be checked for understanding by asking them questions, also incorporating cognitive tasks into the lesson to get the student involved will provide some type of challenge besides physically.  Lessons that use stations can be modified to help with the student’s upper body strength, or obstacle course can be set up to allow the student to practice maneuvering around objects.  Figure

Thursday, April 19, 2012

Colonial Education

The nature and purpose of colonial education was different if you were a boy or girl.  Christopher Lamb revolutionized the classroom, when Christopher Lamb was in school the program back then was focused around the bible and, moral and social values.  The discipline during Christopher’s classroom experience was based off of physical punishment; the students received welts and bruises when they acted out.  Christopher Lamb became a teacher after his apprenticeship was up, once he had the reins of the classroom he started to change things, for example he took out the need for physical discipline and began using a punishment and reward system.  Education grew from simple home schooling to dames or stay at home mothers who started teaching more than just their own children.  The education changed a little, yet the focuses were still on reading, religion, and values for the boys.  However the girls were taught homemaking skills by the age of 7 years old.  As time went on a law called Old Deluder Satan Law was passed and made it a requirement that –Every town of 50 households must appoint and pay a teacher of reading and writing, also – Every town of 100 households must provide a Latin grammar school to prepare youths for the university, under a penalty of 5 pounds for failure to do so.  All in all the colonial time period for education laid out the foundations for, local control of schools, compulsory education, tax-supported schools, and state standards for teaching and schools. 

Tuesday, April 17, 2012

A little look at some history!

Schools have grown in a variety of ways over the years from race and ethnicity, the gender, and public growth of the education system.  Education has come a long way since the 17th century in the United States; it has grown from simple trade schools to the laws and rules of the classroom we have today.  The first schools in the 17th century were based around apprenticeships, informal family education, dame schools, and it went as far as hired tutors.  As the 18th century came around the corner the nation grew more concerned about education, and the states got more involved as well.  As the years went on secondary schools began to grow and become more relevant in the education system.  Ethnicity throughout the years has been an issue even with the schools today.  Prudence Crandall was one of the pioneers for bringing education to African American girls in the 1800’s.  She was taught by active abolitionists who were fighting for racial equality; therefore this was a driving force behind her interest in education equality.     She began her own school for girls in Canterbury, where the first black girl was admitted.  The reason this was such a huge deal even though Connecticut was a free state meaning African Americans were not slaves, was that many of the whites in that area wanted the freed African Americans to be deported.   Believe it or not many of the whites were afraid of interracial marriages and wanted African Americans to leave.  Even with the harassment verbally and what not she still was persistent  in teaching young black girls and after her passing the education for African Americans continued to grow.  (image click here)

Tuesday, April 10, 2012

The Practice Method

The practice method is broken down into a whole practice and a partial practice, this refers to the skills being demonstrated and learned either by practicing it whole or in parts with progressions.  The part practice gets broken down in two three sections, 1.  Simplifies skill, 2.  Allows learners to experience early success, 3.  Permits practice on problematic components without wasting time on those already mastered.    The whole practice is sometimes beneficial over the practice for example, an organized task or interdependent skill such as a cartwheel cannot be broken down into parts or that would be difficult to do so it is easier to teach as a whole, versus a complexity task which can be represented through a swimmer and the freestyle stroke because would be easier to learn if it was broken down into parts.  There are other factors as well such as the capability of the learner, the equipment available, and environment can all be factors in the approach one takes when teaching skill.  When deciding how to teach the skill whether it be a whole or part practice keep in mind that skills that are high in organization and low complexity usually are easier to learn through whole practice, but skills with low organization and high complexity are usually taught with part practice, even with these two “rules” keep in mind that they do not account for all the possible combinations of organizations and complexity.  Figure

Sunday, April 8, 2012

Non-Profit Soccer Organizations

I recently did some research on some nonprofit organizations that are affiliated with soccer.  A nonprofit organization “Play Soccer” was founded in 2001 through a similar program in Ghana.  The program started out with 100 kids and since then it has grown to 40’000 kids in 6 countries and still a sport led program.  The program is funded by a bigger brother program the PSNI (Play Soccer Nonprofit Organization) the program is budgeted at a low cost budget with volunteers.  The PSNI provides supportive organizations, quality-training, and basic resources.  The program takes place after school and on weekends when the kids are obviously most available to play and all the kids who are there seem to be fully participant in the program.  Another nonprofit organization is “NEYSO”.  This was founded in 1978 in San Antonio, Texas and completely supports youth sports, soccer is a focus of theirs, and they also work with special needs teams as well.  There are two other organizations that work with this one, one being the South Texas Youth Soccer Association, Inc. (STYSA), and the other being the United States Youth Soccer Association (USYSA).  An interesting rule these programs enforce is sportsmanship.  They have a zero tolerance rule with mouthing off to referees and not playing with class.  I find a lot of outside high school organized sports lose the idea of sportsmanship and care to much about winning rather than playing the game.   I think soccer is a great sport for kids, it has a great tactical approach to it and demands a strong fitness level and it is such a fun game to play.  Therefore any organization that can use soccer to help kids in rough situations or give kids a better opportunity at something has a successful program in my eyes.  Another reason Soccer is a great game for kids is that it is a reasonably affordable game realistically kids just need a ball and making goals are simple.  Soccer also has a lot kids on a field at once ideally the game should be played with 11 players on each side however the game can be modified to be played with 12 or 3 players on each side and the kids will still get the fitness out of the game, teamwork, and can still have fun.  (image location click here)

Friday, April 6, 2012

Teaching philosophies

While being at Cortland I have had a wide variety of teachers ranging from hard raw old school teaching to a technologically based classroom setting and I could sit here for hours explain to someone how one of the styles are better than the other or in which class did I learn more in however regardless of how I learned they all had good teaching philosophies that at the end of the day taught students.  Every teaching philosophy is unique and can have a lot of individuality to it and that is what makes a good philosophy being able to add a sense of individuality to your thoughts and teachings.   The philosophies in the United States are essentialism, perennialism, progressivism, social reconstructionists, and existentialism.  An essentialism approach has the idea to teach the students the absolute needs or the “essentials” to character development, academic knowledge, and patriotism.  Perennialism come from a more context and factual approach, this kind of philosophy is structured around text books, and ideas and concepts.  Progressivism is more of an authentic approach to the real world with primarily focusing their educational beliefs on the concerns, curiosity, and real life experience for the students.   Social reconstructionists relates to the students refining and “reconstructing” the justifications of society and are trying to teach to make society a better place for everyone.   The last philosophy existentialism is very similar to one of Mosston’s styles of teaching which was self-teaching because both of these styles and philosophy deal with allowing students to find the answer to their questions and pretty much re-discover the wheel and all the mistakes along the way.  Now the question is usually asked which philosophy is best and any good teacher will explain that no one philosophy is best however it’s the way the teacher can pull different meanings and lessons from each philosophy and bring that into their classroom and give the students more opportunities to learn.  Click on me for the image 

Tuesday, April 3, 2012

Do physical activity not drugs!

Drugs in schools are always an obstacle that students and educators must face.  An article on Exercise and Substance Use Among American Youth found in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine by Yvonne M.  Terry-McElrath discusses the relationship between drugs and student athlete’s performance in the classroom and exercise.   The study shows how students who did not use drugs or alcohol including tobacco had higher grades and increase in exercise performance.  The study also states that students who did use drugs and alcohol used less when they were exercising and participating on the athletic team.  Seeing how substance abuse patients use exercise and physical activity to help control and decrease craving for their addiction, while students are using physical exercise to fill the need for drugs and alcohol.  Now do not get me wrong rehab patients and high school athletes are completely different and are not directly related, but there is a connection between the physical activity and the drug use.  As the reports show besides dealing with alcohol and high school students the drug use both decreased as physical activity increased.  Many people get discouraged when they hear the words physical activity or physical fitness, however many activities that are lifelong healthy activities are recreational and fun, it is more than just going to the gym and working out.  Activities such as hiking, kayaking, golf, tennis, or even dance are all healthy activities that can be used by anyone especially substance abuse patients.  In many of the studies above athletics and physical activities took the place of using drugs and alcohol and have turned their physical activity into a new positive habit. (Picture)

Monday, April 2, 2012

Written Assessment!

Today was my first time giving a written assessment to actual students instead of my peers.  Today my trip to Newark Valley Middle School my partner and I had a written affective assessment that addressed 3 out of 4 dribbling cues and an example of how they demonstrated good sportsmanship during the lesson.  Managerially the assessment went fine we had all the students spread out along the mid court line and one of us passed out the pencils and the assessment while the other explained the directions.  We gave the students about 5 minutes which did not seem to be enough time for some of them.  The answers we received were very interesting and varied from basic one word response to 3 to 4 sentence reply.  Once the first class got done with our assessment they were given a free period so I went and worked with some of the girls with jump rope and we ended up playing a game that had 3 girls jumping rope at once counting to see how many successful jumps they could get as a whole.  The next class that came in we were able to set up and explain team handball which involved bouncing a ball into a goalie free net and having the option to shoot the ball at the basketball hoop.  During the game one of the students had a problem with how his team was not playing defense well and he chose to come over to me and yelled that it was “bullcrap”, I asked him what he said and he realized he wasn’t allowed to speak like that and he responded with saying that it was wrong how his team wasn’t passing him the ball and wasn’t stopping the other team from scoring.  I explained to him that he cannot help his team when he is arguing and needs to cut or some sort of offensive move to get open.  The student caught me off guard because I was not expecting him to be so upset it seemed liked everyone was enjoying the game.  I thought I handled the situation appropriately and it reminded me of my 255 class and skill acquisition class because when we had teaching assignments our peers would imitate disruptive students, and in this case that definitely helped me.

Tuesday, March 27, 2012

Physical Activity Can Decrease Depression In Substance Abuse !!

Physical activity can be very important with the recovery process in substances abuse patients.  In an article found in Mental Health and Physical Activity Journal called A pilot study of aerobic exercise as an adjunctive treatment for drug dependence written by Richard A.  Brown they discuss how physical activity can help patients with recovery and help with not relapsing.  One way they address using physical activity in the recovery step is that physical activity can help improve moods and as a result physical activity will decrease depressive symptoms and which will also decrease risk of relapse.   Two predictions of relapse are sleep disturbances and weak cognitive function, proper physical activity has been proven to lessen sleep disturbances, and increase cognitive function.  The article also addresses teen usage and how physical exercise increased physical fitness, decreased multiple drug use, and made the teen’s abstinence rate increase.  The teens and many of the other substance abuse patients in the study used walking and jogging to replace their habitual drug abuse habits.  They found that using physical activity gave them a positive feeling about their self- efficacy which helps with the recovery process.  The study did not just focus on the physical aspect of recovery but also included group exercise and activities along with an incentive system.  The group activities focus more on the cognitive and behavioral techniques that are related to everyday changes they have to make their in personal life, they also increase motivation to be physically active.  The incentive section of the study was receiving money for attending the meetings and receiving money for completing their self monitoring form they obtain each session.   The physical aspect of the whole study was to exercise moderately to intensely (brisk walk) over a six month period and also exercise no less than 3 times a week for 20 minutes a day for the 6 months as well.  The study was somewhat of a success however a few problems that can be taken into consideration are the control of the group and their level of participation, along with the group size and amount of people participating.  The exercises also have to be cost efficient and reasonable, physical activity is a very important piece of the recovery process and can be very effective in helping with not relapsing.


Monday at Newark Valley Middle School our students were beginning their fitness testing unit, and Monday was the start of the pacer test.  This test is used to measure the students cardiovascular and cardio respiratory fitness level.  The test is set up with two lines or makers 20 meters a part then a musical player will be on beeping and counting, the beep speed increase as the amount of laps or one count are completed.  The 5th grade girls that were tested did a very impressive job some students scored above 50 and some were even above 60!  After the pacer test we had 4th graders and our host teacher asked us to come up with a game involving hula hoops and a ball, so I remembered the game Hooper which I saw being played during my 256 Field experience over our winter break.   The game is played with a lot of the same rules as ultimate Frisbee with the three steps and passing and tactical approach.  We paused the game a few times to go over spatial awareness and moving without the ball to get open.  Hooper is a little different then ultimate Frisbee because in the endzone’s there are two goalies that have hula hoops and their team has to throw the ball through the hula hoop without physically stepping into the endzone where the goalie is.  The goalie in this game is allowed to move however must stay in their own endzone.  Our host teacher liked the game a lot and complemented on how the goalies were interactive instead of simply standing in a goal like other games such as handball, floor hockey and soccer.  

Sunday, March 25, 2012

An Introduction into Substance Abuse and Physical Activity

Everyday people are victims of substance abuse and it is a very difficult situation to overcome, however physical activity can help the process.  Physical activity has many positive effects on individual moods and behavior so one can assume that it would also impact people with substance abuse problems in a positive manner as well and can help with the recovery process.  The article Exercise preferences of patients in substance abuse treatment in Mental Health and Physical Activity by Ana M.  Abrantes discusses the relationship between patients in substance abuse programs and physical activity.  The research they conducted said that 71% of the patients were not regularly participating in physical activity however 95% of patients showed interest in programs that were exercised focused.  Physical activity was shown to help with moods, self efficacy for abstinence, decrease the crave for using substances, and helps with the coping aspect of substance abuse.    The programs have different opportunities for patients that range from walking to swimming to organized sports.  I find this interesting because substance abuse is extremely serious and addicting, being able to use physical activity and exercise to help the recovery process is quite amazing.  Having physical activity as a hobby is great way to deal with stressful situations and has many positive attributes that benefit patients even programs are over.  Another great thing about using physical activity is that it is extremely flexible, for example, it can be done with or without others, inside or outside, in a small place or large place, and can be in expensive and still effective.    !!!Keep checking my blog for updates on substance abuse and its relationship with physical activity!!! 

Abrantes, Ana M. "Exercise Preferences of Patients in Substance Treatmentabuse." Mental Health and Physical Activity 4.2 (2011): 79-87.

Friday, March 23, 2012

Post Assessing Dribbling at Newark Valley Middle School

Today I went to Newark Valley Middle School to finish up our post assessment of dribbling and to observe a classroom.  The classroom we observed was a 7th grade health class which had a guest lecturer and they discussed the term consequence and reputation.  The discussions were very interesting and one response a student had for a good consequence was when someone eats they become full.  I thought that was creative and funny for a 7th grader.  The discussion for the reputation led to one student commenting that if someone were to steal or lie they would taint their reputation, I thought the vocabulary, using the word taint, was very impressive for a 7th grader.  Once the health class was over we post assessed the same class we had Monday for the basketball skill dribbling.  We warmed them up with some stretching in between the game Pac man Tag.  The next activity was our post assessment which was a continuous dribbling game of knockout and when a person knocked out they went to the other area and every time they got knocked out they just kept going to the other area.  After getting our post assessment data we asked our host teacher if we could let the kids go outside because it was such a nice day.  So we went outside for the remainder of the period and played freeze tag with the class, however towards the end of class when we had to line up and go inside two girls who were sitting out did not behave.  I looked over at them and saw one of them drop a stone and the other one put it in her pocket, I asked if she could put it down and she said it was for her boyfriend, my response was well it has to stay outside because we cannot bring stones into school.   She ignored me and walked away so I informed my host teacher and she escorted the little girl to the office.  The lessons we taught and saw today were well organized and ran pretty smoothly for being a Friday with elementary and middle school students.  

Monday, March 19, 2012

Basketball Assessment

Today at Newark Valley Middle School my partner and I decided to our lesson focus on basketball dribbling   skills and begin pre-testing them as well.  Today as a whole I thought our class had a lot of fun because we were so enthusiastic and engaged with the kids.  They were 5th grade girls playing simple dribbling games such as Dribble Blink where they basically have a staring contest while dribbling the ball, Traffic Light- speed dribble, walk dribble, or triple threat stance on the teachers cues Green light, Yellow light, Red light, and the last game we played was Dribble Knockout which was continuous because we used both sides of the court to make sure the kids were always playing.  At first I was a little nervous playing these games with kids just because I thought they would feel too old and may not have fun with it however, I brought a lot of enthusiasm and had fun playing with them so I think that is why the games ran so smoothly.   We pre-tested throughout the class while one of us was teaching the other was observing and assessing the students.  Overall the skill level of the kids was at a competent level for being in 5th grade.  It was obvious that some of the girls had experience with dribbling the ball versus some of the others that were at beginning stages of dribbling.  There was improvement throughout the lesson, some girl who was struggling with dribbling with her head up in the begging was dribbling with her head up stationary by the end of class was participating in the blinking game and won! 

Sunday, March 18, 2012

Kan Jam!

Kan Jam is a fun game that has grown extremely popular around college campuses; it was originated not far from Cortland.  The origination of Kan Jam was in buffalo by Charles Sciandra and Paul Swisher in the mid 90’s, and went on sale in 2005.  Swisher was a Physical Education teacher and began selling the game in his local home area and used the game in his physical education program.  Eventually Swisher sold his share and the game was tweaked a little more and it set off around 2007 with selling over 14,000 units and now is the go to game when sun is shining.  The game is played with 2 plastic sheets rolled into a barrel, the objective is to throw a Frisbee at the “can” and if it hits the can you get 2 points if your partner hits the Frisbee and the Frisbee this the “can” 1 point is awarded, if your partner hits the Frisbee down into the can the 3 points are awarded, and if the Frisbee enters the slot or the top of the can without anyone touching it then the game is over and the team that threw the Frisbee wins.  So here are some cues to throwing the Frisbee, Step with same foot as throwing hand with shoulder facing target, Extend the arm and flick wrist with your pointer finger ending pointed at your target.  Catching the Frisbee (which is not needed in Kan Jam ) begins with getting your body in front of the Frisbee and clapping your hands together so the Frisbee is in between both hands.

Friday, March 16, 2012

Rules and Routines!!!

Children can get out of hand in a hurry in the gym and in the classroom; this is where proper routines and rules should be in place.  Having proper managerial procedures can help run a class much more effectively.  One thing I learned when I was shadowing an elementary physical education teacher was to give directions in order and if they do not get that then simplify it more and give them the directions one at a time.  For example if a group of students were given the directions to line up, put the equipment away, and be quite, the students may be confused and may be a little chaotic.  The directions should go in an order such as put the equipment away, line up, and be quite, then students get the directions in an order and there is less confusion.   Also try to limit student’s distractions, if students are playing with equipment when directions or instructions are being given can cause other students to lose focus and cause students to start chattering.  On a personal experience I was explaining to 5th graders how to throw a Frisbee through a hula hoop, I was getting a little frustrated because with my loud deep voice I still felt I was continually talking over everyone, after my directions were given my host teacher pointed out that if the students put the equipment down (hula hoops) they will be less distracted.  Reflecting on this scenario I agree if the students had the hoops on the floor they wouldn’t have been having a conversation about hula hooping.  

Wednesday, March 14, 2012

Cooperative Games!

This week at Newark Valley Middle School our lesson was focused around cooperative games such as, Birthday Lineup, Pacman Tag, Human Knot, and Chuck the Chicken.  Pacman Tag was our fun way of warming up after the students jogged and did sit-ups, the other three activities that we used were pretty successful minus the Human Knot.  The 5the grade students had trouble untangling the Human Knot, some strategies the students tried were using brute force to break through each other’s arms, other strategies were to step over and under each other, no group was successful with this but the students still had fun and opened up a little bit with the whole touching of other boys and girls hands.  The next activity was the silent Birthday Lineup; for this activity all the students must be  completely quite the entire time, the object is to line up themselves up from January to December based on what day they were born, however they are not allowed to talk to each other.  Some obstacles I faced with this activity were the students knowing their birthday and the months in general.  Even though we reviewed the months quickly before the activity some students did not know them, therefore if I had this class every day we would work on the months and other activities or have them up on a poster somewhere in the gym.  The last game that the students seemed to enjoy was chuck the chicken, and this involved a foam soccer ball, and two groups of students.  The game starts with two groups and one group starts with the ball and must pass the ball over their head and under their legs to the person behind them in a straight line, the last person in line then throws the ball.  The other group will be in a huddle and the last person in their line will be running around the huddle and for each lap around they receive a point and when the ball is thrown they stop and go get the ball and perform what was listed above.  This game was really fun the students lost track of their scores and still had a blast even with no winner or loser.  

Thursday, March 1, 2012

The Purpose of School and Roles of a Teacher

The purpose of school should be to educate kids for the real world and give them the knowledge that will allow them to be successful in today’s society.  However the purposes of schools are not to be babysitter for parents or be a substitution for parenting.  Teachers can be role models and should be role models, however this does not mean that they responsible for students actions.  I feel that many parents today blame schools for their kids getting into trouble or not succeeding in school programs.  I do believe that teachers having the role model responsibility and do have a chance to impact kids who may have unfortunate living situations in a positive way.  First thing, all teachers should be passionate about what they are teaching and teaching in general.  Being passionate would also include being enthusiastic and putting in the extra effort to reach the students on a level more than just in the classroom or gym.  I feel that some teachers may get caught up in the drama at school that has to deal with politics or student social issues and this to me is unacceptable.  Sometimes politics among schools get in the way and do not provide the best learning environment when the teacher’s main goal drifts away from their core philosophy and is more driven by the politics of that school.  When I was in high school I was Vice President of our class, Key club, and National Honor society, and during that year we had a few issue involving money and a teacher.  Regardless of what the scenario was the teacher that was claiming right to our class money had a wife who was also a teacher a grade above him, this became an issue when the wife went up to our president of the class and began to give her opinion on the scenario, this took place in the hallway, when no one was around and during a class.  I feel that this was wrong as a professional because our president felt out of place and awkward, at no point in time should a student ever feel uncomfortable around a teacher no matter the weight of the matter.  A good teacher will always pull a learning experience out of any situation whether it be good or bad, no teacher should ever try to influence and pressure a student to go against their beliefs and that is what this teacher did to our president.  I only bring this up because I feel all teachers regardless of the standards and textbook material that needs to be taught they have a responsibility to act appropriate and express good leadership through their position as an educator and a role model, by doing this will be leading by example and student will see how to appropriately handle situations because their role models and teachers will handle situations appropriately,  this action done by the teacher in my eyes fell out of the lines of a teachers responsibility and was inappropriate.

Wednesday, February 29, 2012

Stations and Progressions

Today in our EDU 355 lab we had a bunch of stations set up that we were suppose to go to and participate in and then pick one station and my partner and I made progressions for that activity at that station.  The stations were horseshoes or ring toss, juggling, puck handling, football throwing, blind wall toss, paddle ball, soccer passing, volleyball passing, basketball dribbling, and wall toss.
My partner and I chose juggling for an activity and made progressions with a bunch of different equipment.  We used handkerchiefs, tennis balls, bean bags, gator skin balls, rings, and juggling sticks or pins.  We started with singled handed juggling with two objects, then progressively moved to two hands and 3 objects, and ended with partner juggling.  
Another group demonstrated paddle ball and did well with their progressions.  They started with hitting a balloon in the air, to moving and hitting, to using a beach ball, then they incorporated the paddled, they ended the progressions with hitting a beach ball against the wall or at a target to a partner.
The ring toss group had an interesting set up using a wide variety of equipment.  They lined up cones, along with the wooden peg, and a baseball tee.  The students were allowed to throw different size rings at the objects like hula hoops, flying discs, and smaller rubber rings.  Therefore the students were allowed to choose what they threw, what they threw at, and the distance, it was clearly an inclusion teaching style, and was very well thought of for being on the go.

Tuesday, February 28, 2012

1st time running the class at NVMS

Today was our first day back to Newark Valley Middle School after missing last Monday due to Presidents Day and the students were starting floor hockey.  Today my partner ran the first classes warm up, she used the game rock, paper, scissors tag.
-Rock, Paper, Scissor Tag
- The game starts with all students getting a partner and lining up across from each other half court.  Students then play rock, paper, scissors with their partner and the winner becomes the runner and the non winner becomes the tagger, the goal is for the tagger to tag the runner before the runner runs back to their wall on their side of the half court.
The game flowed rather well the only thing I suggested for my partner was to bring the students in when directions are given instead of talking to the kids all spread out in the gym.  The students really enjoyed the game and even asked if they could play it with different motor skills besides running.
After that warm up our teacher took control of the class for their first floor hockey lesson, which was mostly focused around puck handling, proper hand positions on the stick, proper stance, and spatial awareness.
For the second class that we are at the school for is usually the second PE class for that class that day due to scheduling and lack of time.  Therefore the class the teacher suggested if we had any fun games for them to play and I suggested they try the activity which focuses on trust and the student must guide each other through the gym with obstacles spread out.  The student that has to be guided cannot see and the person who is guiding was not allowed to talk.  The students came up with a few creative ways of communicating for example one boy stomped really loud when his partner needed to step up or jump, another student shrugged their partners shoulder up when they had to jump.  I thought these were very creative and allowed each of them to explain their strategy to the class.  The next activity we played we used Frisbees and hula hoops, and progressively started at throwing the Frisbee and hula hooping, to seeing how many hoops we can throw the Frisbee through and what different strategies we can use.
The kids had a lot of fun and the feedback I received after running the class was that when I am explaining directions to grab the kids attention a little bit better I should have the direction to put the equipment down or hold it still while I am talking.

Thursday, February 23, 2012


Recently as a class we enter videos into the Healthy New Year Video Challenge which was created by The Office of the National Coordination for Health Information Technology (ONC).  The object is to promote healthy and active lifestyles for the new year, I created this video to submit.  This video has me playing a made up character Buff Daddy and he is demonstrating how someone can use P90x in their own small area to get a intense and active workout.  Personally I really enjoyed doing this video even though it did take forever because a lot of it was improved.  I wrote out a skit at first however everything flowed better when I used the skit as more of a guide line then memorizing each line word for word.  This was my first video ever creating on Youtube, I did not think it was that hard to make however it was tedious but fun at the same time.  It was neat to be able to ad in fillers where the screen breaks down into checkers or the screen will fade in and out.  I hope everyone enjoys the video and at least gets a kick out of it!

Monday, February 20, 2012

No Age Limit on Physical Activity!

Staying physically active and living a healthy life is something to strive for.  People of all ages can stay physically fit, the human body is an amazing thing just ask the Boston Celtics who have an average age of 29 years old one the older teams in the league.  That number may not be that big however their starters have an average age of 33 years old.  The Boston Celtics are still an elite basketball team with Hall Of Fame players.  All of these players including the starters are in top physical condition, coincidently the oldest player on the Celtics roster is in arguably the best shape, Ray Allen.  Ray Allen plays the shooting guard position and his whole game is derived from constantly running off screens and creating space between him and his defender without the ball.  Doing this means he has to be continuously moving on the offensive end, doing this demands a lot of stamina.  The Boston Celtics and Ray Allen are not the only people who stay in shape as time ticks the National Senior Game Association is an organization that has seniors compete in games for medals.  It is going to be held in Cleveland Ohio this upcoming year and the age groups range from 50 to 80 plus years old.  The games that offer medals are Table Tennis, Track and Field, Volleyball, Triathlon, Archery, Badminton, Basketball, Bowling, Cycling, Golf, Horseshoes, Pickle ball, Race Walk, Racquetball, Road Race, Shuffleboard, Softball, and Swimming.  Being a Physical Education major I can tell you that all of these activities should be introduced to students at some point during their Physical Education experience. Physical Fitness and Physical Activity have no age limit I know the NSGA would agree with me just as Ray Allen and the Boston Celtics would too.  Image

Sunday, February 19, 2012

Diversity in PE

Diversity is something that needs to be addressed in the classrooms and in the gym (Image Found).  No matter how rural an area is the people and students of the community still face common problems with diversity.  Some think of race when they think of diversity however that is merely the tip of the iceberg.  Diversity goes as far as culture, social class, gender, age, and ethnicity.  The term diversity is not limited to the things that were listed however these are something’s to think about when addressing diversity to students.  One of my classmates had a great experience with diversity in the PE setting during her elementary school days.   The teacher found information about each of the student’s historical cultural background and played games based off of those, for example if someone was from Ireland than the teacher would play the game Gaelic which is played there.  I thought that was a really great idea and it really opens the eyes of the students and lets them experience different culture.   I believe that international games are a must in a physical education experience.  With some diversity issues such as dealing with gender stereotypes it is good to stray away from using the terms “throwing like a girl” and to use different terms as boy and girl for partners.  For example with dance it is expected to have a male and female partner however by changing those terms to leader and follower that eliminates the awkwardness of the gender issue.  This also can allow for less awkwardness when there are male and male and females and females paired up together.  Allowing students to dance to both rolls will also help the cognitive domain by making the students learn how to do the skills for leader and follower rather than just one or the other.  With our countries populations growing our public schools are seeing more immersion classrooms and it is the teacher’s responsibility as well as the schools to have policies and lesson that address, handle, and build peoples comfort level with diversity. I think PE teachers are put in a position where they have the opportunity to work with diversity on a social level and there are many activities and games that build teamwork by having students perform out of their comfort zone.
 Lab 10 for EDU 355 was about exercising the imagination and building inanimate objects (image).  With growing obesity these days a lot of people say that kids need to get out more and get away from the TV.  I agree with that but a lot of kids when they get outside they do not know what to do, this is where we as educators need embrace active imaginations and help kids be able to use their imagination no matter how boring or “lame” the environment is.  Mirroring is a nice warm up for the students, have the students pair up, designating one student as the follower and the other as the leader.  Then the pair will mimic or mirror each other’s movements.  Having stations that are super hero based are always great way to motivate students to participate.  One set of stations for example would be Spiderman Fitness, where there will be 5 stations, sprint back and forth between 10 foot areas, wall pushups, leaping objects of various heights, low balance beam walking, jumping rope or slalom jumping.  Using props such as newspapers can be a good and efficient way to expand imaginations.  We built imaginary dream houses on pieces of newspaper and made different sounds for different tools, and different movements for different activities that are involved in building houses.  Another newspaper game was building a bridge somehow over the newspaper.  Once everyone was done with the newspaper activities we crumpled up the newspapers and threw them in the recycle bin.  Another game that we played that could be played with older groups as well was the inanimate object game.  This involved groups of students about 3 to 4 preferably and they had to act out inanimate objects such as; toast in a toaster, wheels and a motorcycle, sunflowers in a garden, ect.  Ending the lesson with a class talk about how everything man made was once just an imagination in someone’s head.  I think kids as a generation lack imagination because I feel that their minds are made up already with all the video games and sitting in front of the TV.  I believe kids should be outside playing and exploring their imaginations without the influence of the TV and video games.  

Saturday, February 18, 2012

Open vs Closed Loop Control Process

In Motor Behavior lab this week we played a variety of games that involved Open-Loop control process and Closed-Loop control process.  It took me awhile to understand the concept between the two and I think I now have a grasp of the concept.  Open-Loop control process has either no feedback or the subject has no immediate control to correct the feedback.  Closed-Loop control process does have feedback and the subject can use that feedback to make corrections based on their movements.  We had four activities that we experimented with to help us understand the open and closed loop processes.  The first activity was called Tracking Tasks (mirror tracing), and the point of this task was to trace a star  -Kinesthesiometer-                                        looking pattern with your arm not touching the table and only using a mirror to see your hand and a plate to block the visual pathway directly to the hand that is tracing the pattern.  What was measured here was the amount of times you left the pattern while tracing, this was calculated as an error.  This activity is an example of a closed-loop control process because there is feedback with the mirror and it can be corrected by the subject.  The second activity was called slow positioning task, this was a device that allowed you to rest your arm on a platform and then a partner would move your arm a to a certain spot and then put the arm back to the starting point and the subject would have to see If they can get their arm back to that spot while they have their eyes closed the whole time.  This is an open-loop control process and closed-looped because there were two trails one was fast and one was slow, the fast one is suppose to be open loop because there is not enough time to receive feedback and correct, there is more instant action in moving the arm, while on the other hand the slow trial is closed looped because the subject receives feedback through the time by sensing the muscles in the shoulder and being able to fine tune their response.  The last two activities were Scoop Toss and Ring Toss both of these activities are open-loop because there is feedback with the Scoop Toss when the object is thrown however there is no way for the subject to correct anything when the ball is in the air, same reasoning goes for the ring toss when defining it as open-loop. However the difference between these two activities is that the scoop toss has a catching portion to it and when someone is catching the ball it is closed loop because there is feedback with the ball moving and spinning and the subject can easily move to catch the ball based off of the feedback.

Tuesday, February 14, 2012

Edu lab 8

Today when we walked into lab we picked up the lesson where we left off with lab 7 the jump rope lab.  When we got to lab a classmate and I were picked to help our professor demonstrate how to swing the ropes and jump when Double Dutching.  There were a couple of my classmates that were able to jump and stay jumping with two ropes but most of us including our professor just could not figure it out.  We then started in with hoop games, we played multiple of games that ranged in difficulty for students kindergarten through six.
-Introductory Activity
1.  Travel around the hoops- students run around the hoop changing locomotor skills but cannot enter inside the hoop.
2.  Inside Instant Color- The students get in a big circle and stand inside their hoops.  When the music starts the students move around the outside of the circle in using locomotor skills, and when a color is called out by the instructor all the students must find that color and place their body part or stand in that hoop.  Image found
- Fitness Activity
1.  Hot feet- Promotes agility and quickness,  students jump in and out of the hoop as fast as they can.
2.  Hands of The Clock- Students are in the pushup position with their feet inside their hoop and their arms or upper half of the body are pointed at a certain direction or “time” like the hands on a clock.
-Lesson Focus
1.  Spin your hoop and run around it- students spin their hoops like a quarter on a table and see how many times they can run around it before it hits the ground.
2.  Poison hoop- this helps students explore that space behind them at the lower elementary levels, students hold the hoop over their head and let go of it, the object is to not allow the hoop to touch you as it falls.
3.  Walk the dog- invite the kids to walk around the gym and roll their hoop around, as they get the hang of it show them how to spin their hoop so it goes out in front of them and comes back.  Some modifications can be to kick the hoop up to you when the hoop spins backwards.   Also have students jump over the hoop while the hoop is moving (stress safety), students could also dive through the hoops (stressing safety).
-Groups of three activities
1.  Twister-  have four hula hoops make a square (kind of) and have each circle be a different color, the students will be spread out around the outside of the hoops and the teacher says for example “right hand red, left foot blue, and ect”
2.  Ring pass Contest-  Three students hold each other’s hands in a circle and one person will have their arm in a hoop and they will try to maneuver through the hoop until they back to where they started.

Hoops games are extremely fun for the students; even I enjoy playing with Hula Hoops and playing simple games.  Just always remember the safety aspect with diving and running around a gym, students must have competent spatial awareness.

Monday, February 13, 2012

The Good Old Parachute!

Today my partner and I went back to Newark Valley Middle School for our EDU 355 observation hours.  This week our host teacher let us run the class warm-ups so my partner and I stole a warm up right from our EDU 355 lab called Shadow Shake, Shadow Shake is a game that is similar to tagging except without the tagging.  The students pair and designate themselves one as the leader and one as the follower or “shadow”.  The leader runs or walks in any pattern and any direction they want in the gym but their follower or “shadow” has to keep up with them and when the music stops both students freeze and the shadow has to see if they kept up with
leader by putting their arm out and measuring the arm lengths away they are from their partner.  The students then switched roles and we changed the loco-motor patterns and used jumping, sliding, and skipping.  After the warm up our host teacher pulled out the parachute and the 5th grade students went nuts, they were so excited.  We played a variety games such as; mushroom, merry go round, shark attack, popcorn, and another game that made the students work together to make one ball go around the entire parachute by tilting the parachute up and down.
- Mushroom-   All the students have one color slice of the parachute and one the count of three the students throw the parachute up (still holding on) and step inside and sit with the edge of the parachute underneath them.  Once the students are under the parachute we switched colors, for example all the yellows found another yellow spot to go sit on.
- Merry go round-  Each student held on to the parachute with their right hand and ran, skipped, hopped, ect in a circle while making the parachute look like a merry go round                                                                                        
- Shark Attack- All the students put their feet under the parachute and one student will be underneath the parachute and when a student’s foot is grabbed they have to switch spots with the “Shark” or student who started out underneath.  Throughout the game there were more sharks designated and eventually the game ends when the teacher decides.
- Popcorn-  All students pull the parachute tight and with gator skin balls in the middle they wave the parachute up and down until the balls all fall off or the activity goes on for too long.
- Ball Tilt-  All students hold the chute similar to when holding it during the game of popcorn however now there is only one ball and the ball must roll around in front of each student without touching the middle of the parachute or falling off.
The students all in all had a great time without warm up and were extremely well behaved.  They really enjoyed the parachute games and could not get enough it.  Our host teacher said we did a great job at introducing ourselves and running the warm-up, also during most of the second class we were there I led most of the activities in a discrete manor I took leadership of the class.  I apologized after to the teacher because I was afraid I may have jumped in too early but she said it was fine and she believes that we learn better by doing so she was more than comfortable with me running the classroom.  Next week my partner and I are going to introduce some of our adventure activity games to the students and see if they enjoy them like they did the parachute.

Images found at 

Sunday, February 12, 2012

Just Let Me Nap!

Personally I love napping and I just started napping about 6 months ago to be honest.  I was not a huge believer in sleeping during the day because I felt that I was wasting the day away, however I found that if I slept just for a little bit during the day that I felt rejuvenated after and more alert.  Now after looking up information instead of taking the common word that napping is good for you I found that if fact napping can enhance alertness, “enhance performance, and reduce mistakes and accidents. A study at NASA on sleepy military pilots and astronauts found that a 40-minute nap improved performance by 34% and alertness 100%.” This came straight from the National Sleep Foundation website.  It is recommended that sleeping for 20 to 30 minutes during the day will allow that person to wake up with less grogginess than waking up later after napping for more time.  Also the best time during the day to nap is from 1 a.m. to 3 p.m. according to  Napping is better for you than chugging a Redbull or sipping on a cup of coffee, this is because studies have done that have shown reduce in memory recollection.  Planning to nap during the day can be beneficial for work performance and can make someone’s mood better.  So before you start off the day try to squeeze in a 20 to 30 minute nap and see if your day isn't just a little bit better.

Thursday, February 9, 2012

EDU Lab 7

This lab had a jumping rope theme and we had many appropriate progressions and activities that were fun yet relevant.  We played lots of different games such as making shapes and letters with the rope on the floor, and then began walking on the rope, which led to jumping over the rope being stationary on the ground.  To start off for older students in the elementary setting letting the students just jump rope freestyle which gives them the opportunity to just get the jitters and some energy out of the way.  We then cut the big circle in half we were all in and half of us jumped rope however we wanted while the other group watched and then we switched roles.  The next progression was Double Dutch and only one of our classmates could complete it however we were cut short with time so we were unable to practice.  Jumping rope is a great fitness tool that helps with cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, balance, coordination, and rhythm.  It is also an inexpensive piece of equipment and rope is pretty durable so the equipment will last a while.  One safety cue that needs to always be addressed when teaching jump rope is never allow students to wrap the rope around there neck or other body parts also do not allow them to swing the rope at other students.  There are many websites online where you can find jump ropes and other fitness equipment.

Wednesday, February 8, 2012

The Rivalry!!

The greatest rivalry in all of sports it has been called, this is the North Carolina Tar Heels and Duke Blue Devils NCAA Division 1 college basketball game.  This game is one of the most watched and anticipated games in the NCAA men’s basketball schedule.  The University of North Carolina and Duke University are two colleges that are 8 miles apart and have been rivals sense day one.  The first meeting took place on January 24 1920 and North Carolina won by 11 against Duke the final score was 36 to 25.  There has been over 230 meetings between these two teams and in the all time series in between them is 131-101 UNC leading the Blue Devils.  The two teams are both in the ACC and North Carolina has 28 ACC regular season championships and 17 ACC tournament championships.  Even though Duke trails ACC regular season championships with only 19 they lead the ACC tournament championships with 19.  The teams are extremely close in talent and when it comes to the National level both teams have a combined 33 Final Four appearances and 9 NCAA tournament Championships between the two prestigious teams.  North Carolina has 18 Final Four appearances and Duke has 15, while North Carolina has 5 NCAA Championships and Duke has 4 both teams are in the top 5 all time Final Four appearances and Championships.  North Carolina has had amazing NBA talent come from the school while Duke on the other hand has not been known for producing NBA stars.  Some North Carolina players that turned into stars in the NBA are Vince Carter, Antawn Jamison, Rasheed Wallace, Kenny Smith, Jerry Stackhouse, James Worthy, and the greatest Michael Jordan.  Some Duke players that were stars are much less known for example; Shane Battier, Christian Laettner, Loul Deng, Corey Maggette, Carlos Boozer, Elton Brand, and Grant Hill.  Duke however in my opinion has one thing North Carolina does not and that is Coach Mike Krzyewski, he is the most winningest coach in college basketball.  He recruits players that are committed academically and fit his system, they may not always be the best talent however Coach K turns his players into good all around basketball players.  Duke is my personal favorite team between the two teams and I have a book signed by Coach K called Leading with the Heart, I mailed the book down for my birthday and he was kind enough to sign it and write a little note inside.  The two teams matched up tonight to battle for bragging rights at North Carolina’s Chapel Hill, lets go DUKE!

My New School!

My first day at Newark Valley Middle School for my field hours for my EDU 355 lab was a very positive experience.  My partner and I got to the school after driving for 40 minutes, and the main office secretary is tremendously nice she helped us sign in and pointed us towards the gym where we ran into the other physical education teacher.  He is a super nice guy and was playing floor hockey with the kids and one thing I noticed at the end of his lesson he named a player of the day and I thought that was an appropriate award for playing hard.  The teacher then proceeded to bring us into the big gym where we met our host teacher.  She was just as nice as the other PE teacher and she gave us a run down on how they set up and warm the students up.  The students come into the gym and sit at a spot on the floor, the spots look like they are randomly chosen but the teacher actually puts them in spots based on alphabetical order to take attendance.  After attendance the students listen to music and jogged around the gym for a few minutes and the two classes split with either my host teacher or the other physical education teacher.  Our teacher was playing ultimate kickball which was actually a very fun game but it was all they did.  The game had two teams one team kicking and one team pitching/ defending the defending team when the ball was kicked they had to get to a hula hoop that is spread out on the floor and they all had to throw and catch the ball and when the ball got back to the pitcher the possession was over.  The offensive team after they kick the ball had to run around two cones that were put in the gym and after they ran around and got passed a cone that team got a point.  The points would then have to be added up by the students and after three turns the teams switch spots.  I really enjoyed the game, the students and my host teacher,  I truly enjoy the school and the environment there and cannot wait to go back.